Software development: Learn how it’s done and the methodologies used

The software development market has been growing quickly. To remain competitive and deliver the best solution to customers, it is important to learn more about concepts such as the process of creating a program, system, or app, the no-code methodology, among others.

In general, software construction consists of creating computer programs, which is generally carried out by a team of developers. That process has different steps and methodologies. Next, you’ll learn more about it.

How does the software and app development process work?

There is not only one type of methodology that can be applied in the software and app development process. Its procedure can be changed depending on the specific characteristics of the business. However, there are specific practices that can work to ensure the development process is efficient and reliable.

Economic analysis

The first step is to do an economic analysis. Basically, you need to study all the costs involved in the project, in addition to the profit projection. In this case, the people responsible for the project stipulate a budget ceiling that must be followed and distribute resources according to each stage.

Software requirements analysis

It’s the moment when the requirements of a project are determined (system specifications). The objectives to be achieved in the program are defined, such as the usefulness of the user and the return. Those directions will work as a basis to delineate the approaches that will be chosen along the software development.

User specifications

User specifications are analyzed and detailed along with the requirements defined in the previous step. Their purpose is to establish the best strategies to solve problems and show what must be done.

Software architecture

At this level, the software construction process takes place: the software program starts to be designed. It will be the basis of all planning and define the internal functioning of the system so that the previously defined specifications are met. It’s when is established the programming language, database, interface design, among other features.


At this moment, the system is encoded in a programming language, which can be C++, Java, Delphi, among others, or a creation methodology, such as no-code, eliminating the need to type lines of code.


Here, tests are run to verify if the requirements are being met. Both functional (user) and non-functional (technology, performance) requirements must blend together. With these tests, bugs, security flaws, points of improvement and other changes that must be corrected are found.


The entire procedure must be documented, then it will be possible to identify points of improvement.

Support and maintenance

The next step consists of customer support, which involves changes requested by him. Changes are done to ensure the software will meet his needs.

As for maintenance, it aims to keep the proper functioning of the delivered software. It can be remedial, and changes are left to later, or preventive, when changes are made with the project still in scope.

What are the main methodologies that can be used?

There are certain approaches that can be applied by development teams to streamline delivery do software. Check below:

Agile methodology

The focus is on the project itself or the solution developed. Based on feedback from users, customers, or developers, constant product changes and improvements are made.

For this to happen, the process should not have a rigid structure to be followed. The procedure is also divided into short periods, so feedback can be constantly implemented.


The extra step of agile methodology to add more productivity. In practice, to-do lists of pending work are created, daily meetings are held to discuss the progress of the project, as well as sessions to talk about any pending issues.


The entire project is carefully studied in its initial phase. It is done to remove any steps that could compromise time creation or spent resources. This methodology is best suited for projects with a low budget or little time to complete.


Here, the processes are linear and there are very strict controls throughout the development phase. A new step is only started when the previous ones are completed, allowing the next ones to be guided gradually.


This method provides a better view of the progress of the work. There is a physical or virtual board in which the project is divided into levels. Tasks are split and placed in different sections of a board. With Kanban, everyone can see the activities carried out by each other, as long as the progress of the project.

Creating programs and systems in no-code: what is that?

No-code is a concept that allows the development of applications, software programs, or systems without having to type lines of code or having specific knowledge. That means anyone, even without knowledge of a programming language, is capable of creating software programs.

Nevertheless, with no-code development methodology, your company will not depend on technical or specialized teams to create systems. Having an understanding of how the no-code platform works, what you want to create and the scope of the business, it is possible to build solutions meeting the needs of the corporation, not to mention the process is done more easily and quickly compared to the traditional development methodology.

Another important feature is your team of IT specialists will be able to focus on more audacious and relevant projects for the institution, since, with the agility provided by the no-code platforms, routine tasks will not require much time from those professionals. No-code platforms can also, as previously mentioned, be used by non-specialists. In addition to faster deliveries, this methodology provides, among other benefits, financial savings and better use of human resources.

How can Arkeyva facilitate the software development?

If you want to enjoy the benefits of no-code, you can count on the platform Arkeyva. It makes possible to develop different types of solutions easily and quickly.

Its interface is intuitive and will allow your staff to create the ideal applications for their needs with lower cost and more security. In practice, the Arkeyva platform has four pillars:

  • Designer: the environment where the application is developed. In this place, data structure, forms, viewers, rules, and others are defined;
  • Viewer: where the application modeled at the Designer level is executed;
  • Nodefy: it does the integration with other systems based on a visual flow;
  • Single-Sign-On (SSO): the integration of Arkeyva with the database of users or social networks.

The development of software, apps, or systems involves different levels and methodologies. However, it is possible to simplify that with a good no-code platform, such as Arkeyva, which is easy to use and doesn’t require frequent and extensive training by your staff.

Try Arkeyva right now and see how it can help you in practice!

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